While microfinance is meant to reach the poor there are almost universally acknowledged views that most programmes of women empowerment, despite stated objectives, do not reach the poorest of the poor. One of the reasons is related to the fact that loans which are normally given for self-employment presuppose some degree of micro enterprises and
The idea and agenda of women empowerment by governments, funding agencies and other non-state actors has a long and chequered history within and across countries. Till date it is not clear at what point one can emphatically assert that the programme of women empowerment has been successfully achieved or is on the verge of being
Women empowerment has five components: women’s sense of self-worth, their right to have and to determine choices, their right to have access to opportunities and resources, their ability to influence the direction of social change to create a more just social and economic order, nationally and internationally (Beniwal, Opt. Cit., 33). Hence, in today’s global
There was a belief during the International Women’s Year that women in India were joining hands with their counterparts in the West to fight against male dominance and exploitation, which had the support of religion and tradition.
The struggle for women emancipation went through three stages: The fight for women’s rights; The moral emancipation of women; and Liberation in which the very fundamentals of the equation in male-female relationships are questioned.
The Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-1985) is a landmark in the women’s cause because it introduces the concept of Women and Development.
The fundamental differences between the gender equality and women’s liberation in the West and the one in India are that in the West it involved a struggle for acceptance as equals in all spheres of life, but in India it pertains only to the woman’s role as a wife. In India, a woman has never