In 1961, a German scholar, Bachofen, brought out his epoch-making work Mutterecht suggesting that a state of promiscuity existed in human society before the establishment of the institution of marriage. He quoted many passages from the classical literature of many countries. His conclusions were further supported by other scholars, namely, Maclennan, Morgan, Lubbock, Spencer, etc.
Protection of women in India and private property as the main obligations of civil authority is referred to in the Mahabharata which says that when people resolved to set up a civil society, an important point of agreement was that they should abandon the person who encroaches on another’s property and violates the chastity of
Ancient Hindu philosophers have prescribed not only the spiritual path but also moral discipline including social duty. Right from the time of the Vedas and the Upanishads, they have been concerned with such matters as moral conduct, marriage, longevity, obligations of the individual towards society and so forth. For example, the great epics, the Ramayana
The master work of Vatsyayana, Kamasutra (third century A.D.), a treatise on the science of love in an exquisitely healthy manner is known world-wide. This is not the only work on the subject, but due to the lack of an earlier surviving text, it has become a landmark in the history of the erotic. Further,
In a polygamous society, the patrilineal family in which the husband, wife and their children lived together could not develop. The alternative was to dispense with the doubtful and heterogeneous factor (the father) and adopt the uniform and indubitable factor (the mother).
Family structure in India is very compact and united and, in rural areas where the impact of industrialisation and urbanisation is lesser in degree, the normal way of life in a joint family is such that the women members of the family form a compact group with its own activities and hardly any interaction with